Tanzania Assistance Strategy
The Tanzanian Assistance Strategy (2002-2005) was the first medium-term framework in Tanzania for promoting local ownership and leadership and strengthening partnership in managing external resources to achieve national development strategies, good governance, transparency, accountability, capacity building and effectiveness of aid delivery.
To improve aid coordination and enhance the effectiveness of aid, TAS sought to reduce the adverse effects of separate, parallel donor systems, uncoordinated project support and aid flows outside the government/Exchequer system, which undermined transparency and accountability. It also sought to address the heavy dependency on technical assistance and the problem of inadequate capacity in government.
The TAS Action Plan, which was developed in 2002/03 proposed four groups of priority areas: I) Increasing the predictability of aid flows, ii) integrating external resources in the government budget and Exchequer system, iii) harmonizing and rationalizing processes and iv) improving national capacities for aid coordination and external resources management.
As a result, the government was able to strengthen public finance management and accountability, and improve predictability of external resources. More external resources were integrated in the government budget and Exchequer system. Development partners were increasingly aligned their activities with national systems and processes. Ownership and government leadership was enhanced and capacity needs were addressed through a number of government core reform programmes. Overlapping and duplicative processes were re-organized to be in line with the budget process and priorities of the poverty reduction processes and partner missions were reduced.
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The Joint Assistance Strategy in Tanzania
In an ever-changing aid environment, the international development community is challenged to better define distinctive roles and comparative advantages in order to move forward, and to remain a relevant and trusted partner in countries that they operate. The Paris Declaration (2005) clearly articulates the need for a close development cooperation and call upon development partners to support government through nationally-led economic and development strategies.
The DPG in Tanzania supports the Government’s efforts to deliver on the goals and targets of the MKUKUTAII and the MKUZAII, using the JAST’s guiding principles.
The JAST is the national medium-term framework for managing cooperation between the government of Tanzania and development partners at a country level. It is aimed at deepening the impact of the relationship between the government of Tanzania and its development partners by strengthening national ownership of the development process, and harmonising processes and procedures in ways that make aid more effective and simpler to manage. It aims at facilitating effective development partnership outcomes based on mutual trust and respect, frank and open dialogue and mutual accountability under a single partnership framework.
While building on lessons learned of TAS, the JAST translates into Tanzanian context. The JAST are also in line with the principles of the Monetary Consensus on Financing for Development (2002), the Rome Declaration on Aid Harmonisation (2003), the Marrakech Memorandum Managing for Results (2004) and the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005).
Given the high increase in new emerging development and global initiatives on aid effectives, the JAST highlights the need to for all aid assistance to be integrated into the Government budget and Exchequer system. The JAST also promotes the ‘division of labour’ in order to achieve optimal allocation of responsibilities and tasks both within the Government and Development Partners based on the comparative advantage. Since the official signing in December 2006, the JAST process has attracted significant resources in support of various programmes and the impact has been felt across key sectors such as health, agriculture and education
New Development Cooperation Framework
The Development Cooperation Framework (DCF), a new multi-year Government development cooperation strategy, is currently awaiting Cabinet approval. The DCF promotes alignment; the move from traditional aid to multiple development streams; promoting cooperation with the private sector, CSOs, and non-DAC donors through SSC.