DPG Tanzania

HIV/AIDS

The HIV/AIDS epidemic was first recognized in Mainland Tanzania in 1983 when three AIDS cases were diagnosed in North Western Tanzania. Subsequently, more regions reported cases until December 1986 when all regions had reported at least a case. Tanzania HIV/AIDS Indicator survey (2003/4) show that the predominant mode of transmission has remained heterosexual contact, constituting about 80% of all new infections. Mother to child transmission is estimated to account for about 18% of new infections. About 1.8% of young persons aged 15 to 24 who reported that they never had sex were found to be HIV positive. This suggests that they were infected through blood transfusion, unsafe injections or traditional practices, including male circumcision or female genital cutting. 

Recent studies indicate that in some parts of the country, transmission through anal sexual intercourse (heterosexual or among men who have sex with men) as well as HIV infection through drug abuse are occurring and may be important factors for the further spread of HIV.

The findings of the country-wide population based survey (Tanzania HIV Indicator Survey or THIS) indicate that Tanzania is facing a ?